Careers after intermediate 12th Class



Careers after 12th

Career Planning and Choice of Courses

Career planning is one of the most crucial factors in your life, which needs no emphasis. It is important at least for two reasons. First, whether you opt for a career in jobs or prefer to be on your own, you must appreciate that there is fierce competition for getting a space in the world of work. Remember the old adage, “Survival of the fittest”. Second, in view of new developments primarily triggered off by the information technology (IT) and globalisation of the economy, there are now more options than ever before. You will have to look for these options. Remember also that these are days of specialisation.

When should you begin the career planning? The age that could be considered appropriate for making a start is the age of 14-15 years when you enter the Ninth Class under the 10 + 2 pattern of education. This is the formative age to shape your career. Much more important reason, however, is that it is after the 10 + 2 level that a wide variety of course options are available to choose from. This means that as the first step you will have to choose from the three streams viz., science, arts and humanities, and commerce and the appropriate combination of subjects, when you enter the 10+2 level. To a great extent, this choice would determine the course options available to you after the 10 + 2 level. For example, if you want to take up engineering degree course, you should not only join the science stream but should also opt for the combination comprising Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics.

Before you enter the 10 + 2 stage, you may like to consider which syllabus provides wider options. As you are aware, there are three Secondary Boards viz., the Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) and Council for the Indian School Certificate Examination (ICSE) and the State Boards, each having its own syllabus. While the CBSE and ICSE syllabuses permit combining biology and mathematics, not all the State Boards provide similar opportunity. For example, the Andhra Pradesh Board for Intermediate Education (equivalent to Higher Secondary Board) does not. It limits your option, because at this stage itself you will have to decide whether you want to join the engineering college or medical and agricultural colleges. However, as the number of CBSE and ICSE affiliated schools in States is small, you may have to opt for the State Board syllabus.

Before you embark upon planning your career you may have to consider two issues:

1. Do you need an immediate job because of some adverse family circumstances?

2. Is your family financially sound enough to pay for your professional education?

If you need a job, say after you complete the secondary stage, but still want to pursue higher education, you may like to take up a suitable course through distance learning mode. There are now many options available. You can study according to your own pace and convenience. You can even study both the secondary (Class 10) and higher secondary (10 + 2) courses through the distance-learning mode. As regards the second issue, the stark reality is that it is becoming increasingly difficult for many middle class families to meet the spiralling cost of professional education. Scholarships, freeships and other financial supports are scarce. You may be aware that in professional colleges there are two categories of seats “free seats” and “payment seats”.

Since the tuition fees for “free seats” are highly subsidised, you pay much less compared to those for “payment seats”. Generally, “free seats” are allotted to students on the basis of the performance at the entrance tests. You will, therefore, have to strive very hard if you want to get a “free seat” in professional colleges. If your family is unable to bear the cost of “elite” professional courses, you may choose a professional course, which also promises a reasonably good career at an affordable cost. It is prudent to cut your coat according to the available cloth. However, the financial consideration alone need not determine this option. There are other good reasons too for seeking a career in these professions. This option should also be considered if you cannot get through entrance tests for professional courses. Career planning should be preceded by two steps:

1. Assess your strengths and weaknesses, likings, aptitudes and interests.

2. Gather as much information as possible about the various educational opportunities and choose one that conforms to your assessment.

Both are easier said than done. Therefore, it is necessary for schools establishing their own career and course information centres and provide guidance and counselling to their students. In the absence of such facilities in your school, try to collect information from different sources. Here is a note of caution. Never take the claims of flashy advertisements in newspapers and other media at their face value. More often than not, they are issued by fly-by-night operators to allure unsuspecting students. Ascertain the status of these institutions.

If you do not intend to pursue university education, you may opt, after the 10th class, for various Vocational Courses available in different areas. The most sought after ones of course are the polytechnic courses of three-year duration leading to diplomas in different branches of engineering and technology. The advantage of polytechnic courses is that in some branches a diploma holder can make a lateral entry into degree level engineering courses. A clear idea about the vocational courses, therefore, would be helpful in taking an appropriate decision.

As stated earlier, at the 10 + 2 level you have three options:

1. The Science Stream

2. The Arts/Humanities Stream and

3. The Commerce Stream.

In Addition, there is the Vocational Stream. The Subjects offered in these streams are given in the Annexure. One problem you may face while choosing the combination of subjects is that the desired one may not be available in many 10 + 2 level institutions (higher secondary schools and junior colleges) Particularly in rural areas. A brief account of each of the streams follows:


There is a common belief that science is the most important subject, compared to humanities or even commerce. There is also a general feeling in our society that the best students opt for science. This is an assumption of most parents, students and teachers. In fact, brilliance and intelligence is not the exclusive preserve of science. If a student is interested in doing engineering courses, such as civil, mechanical, electronics, metallurgy, computers, the option should be for a combination of mathematics, physics and chemistry (MPC). If you wish to take up medicine, dentistry, agricultural science, dairy science or biological sciences (biochemistry, biotechnology), the combination should be biology, physics and chemistry (BiPC). It is true that the advantage of choosing science stream is that you can shift to the other two streams viz., humanities and commerce after 10 + 2. It also opens up the gateway to a large number of career and course options, even if you cannot make it to the most coveted courses in engineering, medicine or agriculture. In several universities, particularly in the South, besides the usual combinations, such subjects as microbiology, computer science can be chosen at the BSc level.

Apart form doing the degree level courses in science with the conventional combinations you can also choose degree courses in several emerging professional areas, such as physiotherapy, occupational therapy, nursing, computer, business administration, hotel management, tourism management. You can also opt for courses outside the university stream, such as hotel management, fashion technology, industrial design, packaging, aircraft
maintenance engineering, government accredited computer courses and a host of post 10 + 2 level vocational courses. However, if you are very clear that science is not your cup of tea, there is no point in wasting two precious years simply because it keeps many options open. It would rather be desirable to explore the opportunities the other fields offer.


It is not widely appreciated that humanities also offer many options after 10 + 2 other than the usual BA degree course. Except for courses in science and technology areas, they can take up many other courses such as travel & tourism, advertising, journalism, performing arts, business management, etc. Humanities is also the favourite choice of many students who sit for the civil service examinations.


Next to science, commerce stream opens up a variety of options after 10 + 2 stage. Some examples are: company secretary-ship, chartered accountancy, cost accountancy, business management, computer. Although chartered accountancy, cost accountancy or company secretary-ship course can be taken up after 10 + 2 (after successfully completing the Foundation Courses) you should be aware that each year only a small percentage of those who take the examinations get through. It may, therefore, be wise to obtain the basic BCom degree first. BCom with Computer as one of the combinations is now a much sought after course

In all the three streams, students can now opt for job-oriented vocational subjects at the first degree level available in selected colleges affiliated to many universities. Another recent development has been the diversification of courses, professional in nature, at the first-degree level itself, although the number is institutions offering such course is still small. International postgraduate programmes of five-year duration after 10 + 2 in several subjects are being introduced by some universities

Whatever stream you may select, you should put in your best efforts, which would surely lead to the path of success. Obtaining high marks in the qualifying examinations will put you in a comparatively better position to get into the course of choice after the 10 + 2 level.

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Ask a Question:

  • i have completed my intermediate with 78%.i have joined enng.).due to some problems im going to discontinue my suggest me courses in degree

    prashanti on 11 Jan 2011
  • I am a humanites student, i have completed 12th. Could you help me to take a career for future?

    jomon on 26 Mar 2011
  • sir i finished my intermidiate and want to join the indian navy how can i

    akshay on 30 Mar 2011
  • I have passed intermediate from cbse board. can i study agriculture in bsc.

    t.b.singh on 01 Apr 2011
  • Want to give competive exam for good job .sir i belongs to middle class family.sir i read in class 12(science) so i want to know about jobs offer exam. THANKS

    Rohit kumar on 17 Apr 2011
  • which course is best comp or taxation in graduation and also suggest me for which course i should aaply?

    sweta chakraborti on 23 Apr 2011
  • i have appeared in the 12 cbse board examination this year and i want to be a mechanical engineer.due to financial problems,i am not able to do suggest me about any other course related to mechanical engineering.

    Mukul sharma on 24 Apr 2011
  • sir i have completed my intermediate with commerce stream but i want to do engineering please help me .

    SHUBHAM on 30 Apr 2011
  • sir i have completed my intermidiate with commerce stream but i want to do engineering. Can i ? please help me.

    SHUBHAM on 30 Apr 2011
  • i am looking to do secratary ship course how it is can any one help me for this 9177783300

    subhani on 09 May 2011
  • sir,i have completed my intermediate with 66.9% my father aim was i want to settle in my life at earlier stage so i want a job in plz,suggest me.

    Anusha on 17 Jun 2011
  • can i get any other courses in sciences except the above you have mentioned

    naveena on 26 Jun 2011

    SREERAM SAI KRISHNA on 11 Jul 2011
  • i have completed intermediate with 89%.i have joined to what course choose i cant understand plese suggest me which course is best in engneering buti dont like in civil.

    priyanka on 19 Jul 2011
  • i've got no clue what to become though i'm like kind of interested in learning the peoples nature and their behaviour. but my dad's like- what on earth are u going to become after taking up humanities. oh, pls pls pls help me from this tangle on confusion around me, pls

    misha subramaniam on 30 Jul 2011
  • sir iam shourabh jha iam 12th pass in commerce so my qustion is any job’s in police dipartment offical work
    can u give me any answer

    shourabh jha on 30 Sep 2011
  • iam a 12th (Arts)student what can i do further.could you help me to take a career for future

    jaya on 28 Nov 2011
  • sir
    i hav completed my icom part 1 nd nw a days i joined the icom3 classes.
    sir i want to do chartered accountancy,
    kindly guide me plz plz plz its a humble request im v.needy.
    i hav not too much sorces.kindly send me all basic iformations.

    ATIF AHMAD on 14 Dec 2011
  • hello i’m doing my intermediate in science stream(PCM).
    i don’t waqnt to do engineering.Plz suggest me a good career option and i also belong to a middle class family so,ican;t afford a good institute,But i wanna do something in my life,Plz Plz help me……….

    Sanya on 09 Mar 2012
  • Yes, I am Impressing with your post great thing about Fashion talent, fashion schools and college about Fashion Design course is absolutely a great field in which a talented individual, with a lot of imagination, must activate. This field is extremely aggressive and more fashionable. You can learn skills to assist you be successful.

    Jd fashion on 27 Apr 2012
  • i have completed intermediate (bi.p.c)with 93%marks what course should i do next but i am not interested in doing degree i am interested in business management can i do it

    pavani on 04 May 2012
  • Can i became commercial pilot with arts stream including subject maths,computer science,economics,statistics?

    Lakhsana heisnam on 20 Jul 2012
  • I hve done 12 with first division with art side frm up board, n now i pursuing ba, i wanna do oracle database course, its good for me or not, can i do this course

    Anuj kumar on 20 Jul 2012
  • sir this is Mahima i have compleated class12 from art streem i concert to middle class family plez tell me that which cource is good for me

    Mahima omar on 19 Aug 2012
  • Sir i have compleated class12 from art streem plez tell me which cource is good for me.
    by Mahima

    Durgesh omar on 19 Aug 2012
  • i am mpc intermediate what courses ara available to me in andrapradesh

    chaitanya on 09 Oct 2012
  • I am inter miediate 2nd year fail.2nd year chemistry is pending… …Emi chesthie manchi jeevitham untundhi?

    Janakiramreddy on 06 Nov 2012
  • I am Inter (m.p.c)fail(2nd year chemistry).emi cheyyalo mere me.engeneering (or)hardware chadhavalani anukuntunnanu.

    K.Janakiram reddy on 06 Nov 2012
  • Sir,
    I have just completed my preparing for JEE MAINS examination.Is machanical engg. is a write option for girls…

    P. Ganga Nikhita on 20 Mar 2013
  • I completed AP board of intermediate 2nd year MEC,i heard about code inspector,is am eligible for this study?what is my next step for this education.

    sujith on 27 Mar 2013
  • I am completed intermediate MPC, next em course tesukunte bavvuntundo cheppara plz…….

    chaitanya on 28 Mar 2013
  • i want to join forigne affair department iam intermidatecom}( student what should ichoose for further study

    umair on 29 Apr 2013